Assignment: Does Psychotherapy Have a Biological Basis? Essay

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Assignment: Does Psychotherapy Have a Biological Basis? Essay

Assignment: Does Psychotherapy Have a Biological Basis? Essay

 

Psychotherapy is an important management measure for mental health conditions. Whereas studies have agreed on the significance of the same as an intervention measure in mental health issues, their biological basis still raises debates. The purpose of the present paper is to examine whether it indeed has a biological basis as well as the role of culture, religion, and socioeconomic status influence it.

Biological Basis of Psychotherapy

Even though psychotherapies are nonpharmacological interventions, they tend to have a powerful biological basis. Specifically, psychological changes have a direct correlation with neurobiological changes, which creates a positive perception of well-being (Lipka et al., 2014). Often, the mental health processes, as well as associated disorders, emanate from the mechanisms that occur within the brain. For long, psychiatrists have undertaken research to assess how pharmacological interventions associate with mental health disorders. A study by Goldin (2014) established that medications have a direct impact on neurobiology and a powerful effect in influencing the belief system of the patient.

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Findings by Lipka et al. (2014) indicate that psychotherapies including a brief cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) have a significant impact in modulating the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis found in the brain. This means that the psychological

Assignment Does Psychotherapy Have a Biological Basis Essay

Assignment Does Psychotherapy Have a Biological Basis Essay

interventions have a significantly strong biological impact which, in overall, can change dysfunctional thoughts of those with mental health issues and can make them feel better quickly (Ramy, 2017). Nonetheless, there is clear evidence that psychotherapy has a biological basis especially in supporting brain recovery after a stress response. This is guided by the premise that psychotherapy mediates the brain pathway for the reintegration as well as the connection of neural networks, which are considerably maladaptive due to adverse life events. For instance, a person with depression due to prolonged stress in life can have associated biological responses when psychotherapies are administered to them. Besides, psychotherapy is actively associated with the regions linked to negative emotions and the interventions appear to regulate the functioning of these sections of the brain. In essence, psychotherapies help the brain in dealing with negative emotions facilitating the flow of blood in the amygdala and prefrontal cortex of the brain for the affected people (Ramy, 2017). Psychotherapy, therefore, is combined with biological aspects of the human brain to treat mental conditions such as post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, and depression.

Role of Culture, Religion and Socioeconomics

            The effectiveness of psychotherapy will be determined by the cultural competence of a therapist. Given that it is practiced across diverse settings and among heterogeneous groups of people, one needs to understand such diversities in order to apply it. During psychotherapy sessions, a therapist needs to show cultural sensitivity, which allows them to understand the patient’s culture and the manner in which this influences the relationship with the client (Jacob, 2013). Thus, culture plays an important role in psychotherapy.

Further, understanding the religious inclination of a client helps a therapist to effectively undertake psychotherapy. In most mental health cases, spiritual and religious matters may be at the core of a client’s decision to seek therapy (Hull, Suarez, & Hartman, 2016). Thus, those who seek faith-based counseling may perceive psychotherapy as having a role in addressing spiritual and religious issues. Moreover, the socioeconomic status of a client also has a profound effect on a therapist’s perception of a client’s prognosis, symptomatology and presenting concerns. Indeed, whereas studies have revealed that socioeconomic status does not affect a therapist’s cognitive attributions, other research works have revealed the existence of stronger countertransference reactions concerning domination by clients of a higher social caliber (Blackshaw, Evans, & Cooper, 2018). Further, during psychotherapy, clients with higher social class perceptibly have milder problems. Hence, the socioeconomic status of a client influences one’s perception of psychotherapy.

 

You are required to cite scholarly resources including peer-review journals and current practice guidelines.
cite scholarly resources including peer-review journals and current practice guidelines
 Please, all bullets points, bold, red and highlighted area must be attended to.
 A clear purpose statement (The purpose of this paper is to…) is required in the introduction of all writings

May use https://www.ahrq.gov/professionals/clinicians-providers/guidelines-recommendations/index.html

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