Assignment: Groupthink Essay

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Assignment: Groupthink Essay

Assignment: Groupthink Essay

 

Groupthink denotes a scenario wherein people strive to conform to the group’s ideas. In most cases, groupthink influences individuals to set aside their view to adopt the group’s opinion. To fit well in a group, members with contrasting opinions choose not to say anything. Several factors contribute to groupthink. First, most or all of the group members may agree with the ideas proposed by one of the members (Eaton, 2001). While a person in the group may not agree, he will remain silent to avoid disrupting the high harmony and cohesiveness that members enjoy.

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Individuals with different opinions would not want to feel isolated within the group. Similarly, the group leadership may be impartial, implying that the leader will tend not to differ with any of the members (Branscombe & Baron, 2016). In such a scenario, decision

Assignment Groupthink Essay

Assignment Groupthink Essay

making becomes extremely difficult because of the tendency to consider all views. Impartial leadership constitutes one of the structural issues that contribute to groupthink. Another factor that results in groupthink is threats from particular members (Eaton, 2001). For instance, a member might be warned of inauspicious consequences if he attempts to oppose a proposal with a particular benefit to some of the members. Moreover, members with opposing ideas might remain quiet to avoid making already complex decisions more difficult to make.

To prevent groupthink, group leaders have a role in encouraging opinions from everyone, including opposing views. Before the group members begin contributing their views, leaders should avoid stating their ideas. This will encourage members with contrasting ideas to bring them up. Leaders also need to encourage critical thinking within the group rather than an obligation to support every idea (Branscombe & Baron, 2016). Leaders may also choose to avoid being present in meetings if they think will promote groupthink.

What is groupthink? How does it affect the decisions made by a group? Identify the critical factors that are believed to lead to groupthink. Explain how you could reduce groupthink in terms of these factors.
Branscombe, N., & Baron, R. (2016). Social psychology. Boston, MA: Pearson Publishing. ISBN-13: 9780134410968 URL: http://www.gcumedia.com/digital-resources/pearson/2016/social-psychology_ebook_14e.php

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