Assignment: Report of an Aggressive Act Performed by an Individual or Group
Assignment: Report of an Aggressive Act Performed by an Individual or Group
On 15th March 2019, during Friday prayers, Benton Tarrant, a 28-old Australian man instigated two consecutive terrorist attacks at mosques in Christchurch, New Zealand. The attacks and shooting started at the Al Noor Mosque in Riccarton at 1:40 pm followed by another incident at the Linwood Islamic Centre at around 1:55 pm on the same day (Dorsey, 2019). The violence led to deaths of 51 people and maiming of 50 individuals. The incidence was an act of violence considered to be conducted by a white supremacist. The occurrence is linked to the rise of alt-right extremism across the world which began in 2010. The twin mosque attacks are presumed to be acts of aggression learned through alt-right extremism and through radicalization occasioned by white supremacism. In other words, these are violence that is caused by religious difference between Islam and Christianity whereby the former is often associated with terrorism (Keefe, 2019). While the actions of Brenton Tarrant are delusional and dangerous, there is an inner aggressive drive that prompted him to commit such crimes that will later land him in a correctional center. The motive behind such violent behavior can be explained through the general aggression model.
General Aggression Model
Psychology largely attributes any form of aggression especially the chronic criminal violence to familial dysfunction or a pathological condition. Notably, the pathway to aggression is viewed at an individual level and includes aspects of internal characteristics of the perpetrators, type of violence undertaken and their immediate circumstance of the criminals. According to the General Aggression Model (GAM), aggressive behavior follows a structure of perceptual schemata, personal schemata and behavioral script (Cavalcanti & Pimentel, 2016). The perceptual schemata relate to a scenario by which a violent person identifies a phenomenon linked to everyday physical objects or an aspect that is associated with social events. For example, social insult about a given group in the society can attribute to aggression as per the perceptual schemata knowledge structure. According to this case, Brenton Tarrant must have identified the social insults directed to Muslims especially through the extremism perpetuated by the white supremacist (Dorsey, 2019). This inspired him to commit the violence as an avenue to revenge against his perceived dislike to the religious faith. On the other hand, personal schemata are associated with belief systems about an individual or selected groups of people. Often, there is a misguided belief that Muslims are terrorists since a number of violent acts of terrorism are instigated by members of the Islamic Faith. Brenton Tarrant’s aggressive behavior could have been attributed to personal schemata about Muslims which made him retaliate on the worshipers in the two mosques. Such an act of violence is also evident in the countries that profile specific racial groups or members of a given religious outfit (Keefe, 2019). While Brenton Tarrant anticipated no gain in the aggression, his aim was to cause harm to people he thought are enemies to social cohesion.
The behavioral scripts as a cause of aggression indicate that people may exhibit certain forms of behavior under varying
circumstances. For instance, people under the influence of alcohol or substance abuse may be prone to violence as opposed to those not exposed to these substances. Besides, violent or aggressive behavior can be related to mental health issues which affect the cognitive processing of an individual (Cavalcanti & Pimentel, 2016). Guided by this argument, at the time Brenton Tarrant committed the violence, he could be under the influence of alcohol or hard drugs. Besides, it is important to ascertain if Brenton Tarrant was at a stable mental state in order to provide intervention accordingly before facing justice. This knowledge structure of GAM indicates that various elements contribute to aggression among human and therefore there is a need to address these complex behavioral sequences.
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Preventive Measures that could have been employed
Even though the attacks were unprecedented, several approaches could have been undertaken to deter aggressive behavior. This could begin at the worship centers whereby defensive mechanisms are employed to identify potential criminals at the scene. The security personnel in both the mosques ought to have been vigilant to identify and arrest individuals perceived to exhibit suspicious behavior. These could have controlled the possible attack since Brenton Tarrant might have been disarmed and arrested.
However, psychological perspectives from various school of thought affirm that personal behavior depends on the cognitive processing which is often developed from rigorous mental programming. In other words, violent extremism plays crucial roles in influencing behavioral practices of members of a given group (Cavalcanti & Pimentel, 2016). In the case of New Zealand mosque attacks, Brenton Tarrant is presumed to be a member of the alt-right extremism and white supremacism. Involvement with this group could have contributed to the spread of hate information related to Muslims. This influenced his perception about the faith and its followers which prompted him to instigate the violence (Dorsey, 2019). Apparently, the occurrence of aggressive behavior could have been deterred if mechanism were put in place to address radicalization and violent extremism against religious groups. This could have prevented the existence of such movements and as such, Brenton Tarrant might not have developed the hatred towards Muslims.
Choose a recent national or international news report of an aggressive act performed by an individual or group. Research available background details on the individual or group and supporting details. In 750-1,000 words, do the following:
Analyze one of the four theoretical models (biological, drive, social learning, or general aggression model) to explain factors that could have contributed to the aggressive behavior described in the news report.
Discuss preventative measures that could have been employed.
Use two to three scholarly sources to support your thinking, your textbook can be used as one of the resources.
Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.
This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.
You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. Please refer to the directions in the Student Success Center.PSY-530 PSY-530-O501 Aggressive Acts 95.0
Criteria Percentage Unsatisfactory (0.00%) Less than Satisfactory (74.00%)
Analyze one of the four theoretical models to explain factors that could have contributed to the aggressive behavior described in the news report 35.0% Analysis of one of the four theoretical models, to explain factors that could have contributed to the aggressive behavior described in the news report is missing. Analysis of one of the four theoretical models, to explain factors that could have contributed to the aggressive behavior described in the news report is vague and inconsistent.
Discuss preventative measures that could have been employed 35.0% Discussion of preventative measures that could have been employed is missing. Discussion of preventative measures that could have been employed is vague and inconsistent.
Organization and Effectiveness 20.0%
Thesis Development and Purpose 7.0% Paper lacks any discernible overall purpose or organizing claim. Thesis is insufficiently developed or vague. Purpose is not clear.
Argument Logic and Construction 8.0% Statement of purpose is not justified by the conclusion. The conclusion does not support the claim made. Argument is incoherent and uses noncredible sources. Sufficient justification of claims is lacking. Argument lacks consistent unity. There are obvious flaws in the logic. Some sources have questionable credibility.
Mechanics of Writing (includes spelling, punctuation, grammar, language use) 5.0% Surface errors are pervasive enough that they impede communication of meaning. Inappropriate word choice or sentence construction is used. Frequent and repetitive mechanical errors distract the reader. Inconsistencies in language choice (register) or word choice are present. Sentence structure is correct but not varied.
Paper Format (use of appropriate style for the major and assignment) 5.0% Template is not used appropriately or documentation format is rarely followed correctly. Appropriate template is used, but some elements are missing or mistaken. A lack of control with formatting is apparent.
Documentation of Sources (citations, footnotes, references, bibliography, etc., as appropriate to assignment and style) 5.0% Sources are not documented. Documentation of sources is inconsistent or incorrect, as appropriate to assignment and style, with numerous formatting errors.
Total Weightage 100%