Assignment: Vulnerable Populations Essay
Assignment: Vulnerable Populations Essay
Vulnerable populations are a group of individuals who are disadvantaged in one way or the other when it comes to healthcare among other socioeconomic resources and they include ethnic and racial minorities, patients with chronic illness and economically disadvantaged people. In the United States, low income and homeless individuals are the most vulnerable. For instance, the low-income individuals are prone to chronic illnesses, which poses a severe impact on their quality of life. Consequently, low-income individuals are disproportionately ethnic and racial minorities.
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he low income makes this population have the least coverage hence interact minimally with the healthcare system (De & Anderson,
2019). Low-income individuals also have a high likelihood of developing co-occurring health conditions especially in behavioral health such as depression and substance use, in addition to other health complications such as diabetes and obesity. Further, low income can lead to one being homeless, hence lacking a safe place to stay, which increases their risk of developing an adverse health-related outcome. The homeless usually feel stigmatized and unwelcomed and tend not to seek care in case of any health complication.
In the United States, the government has implemented a number of policies to end homelessness and help low-income individual access essential resources such as healthcare with much ease. The U.S Department of Health and Human Services came up with 5 programs which are targeted towards helping homeless individuals in addition to 14 non-targeted or mainstream service delivery programs for the low-income population (Fowler & Farrell, 2017). The targeted homeless assistant programs include the State Medicaid-Housing Agency partnerships, Health Care for the Homeless, Project for Assistance in the Transition from Homelessness, Services in Supportive Housing, and Grants for the Benefit of Homeless Individuals (GBHI) among others. The GBHI program is a competitively awarded grant program that is aimed at helping communities strengthen and expand their treatment services especially for people who are homeless (Martin, 2015). The grants are awarded for a period of up to 5 years to non-profit or community based public entities to fund services and programs such as mental health services, substance abuse treatment, outreach services, immediate entry into treatment, wrap-around services, screening and diagnostic services, case management, job training, relevant housing services, educational services, and primary health services. This program among others has made sure that the homeless and low-income individuals enjoy services that they would have not been able to afford as a result of lack of finances. Their general health and quality of life have also advantaged greatly from this program.
However, the main goal of the government should be to end homelessness and bridge the poverty gap, by creating more job opportunities with a higher minimum wedge so as even those who are least paid can afford essential resources. The government should also invest in programs that avail free healthcare services to the homeless at their shelters, to boost their health and reduce the chances of developing chronic health complications (Samuels, 2017). Lastly, educational programs should be reinforced to acknowledge the homeless and the low-income individual on preventive measures such as lifestyle traits that can help promote their quality of life and reduce their risk of developing chronic illnesses such as diabetes.
What are vulnerable populations and how are they served in the health care realm?
In a 1-2 page Word document, explain about vulnerable populations. You may conduct independent online research to provide information for your response. Please cite in-text sources and references using APA Editorial Format.
What is the definition of a vulnerable population?
What is one example of a vulnerable populations in your own area?
Identify one government Program which has been instituted to help this vulnerable population?
How has this Program assisted this population?
What more do you think might be done to help this population?