Benchmark Assignment Part A: Population Health Research and PICOT

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Benchmark Assignment Part A: Population Health Research and PICOT

Benchmark Assignment Part A: Population Health Research and PICOT

 

The incidences of lifestyle diseases such as diabetes amongst minority populations have been on the rise over the recent past. However, the situation is direr amongst the African-American population as shown by the morbidity and mortality rates from the condition. According to statistics from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, the mortality rate amongst African Americans due to diabetes stands at 44.4% (Rosenstock, Whitman, West, & Balkin, 2014). By comparison, the mortality rate for diabetes among Caucasian in the United States stands at 20.8%. Therefore, Africa-Americans are twice as more likely to die from diabetes as non-Caucasian whites. The high prevalence and mortality rates of diabetes amongst Africa-Americans also creates an economic burden that further pushes the population into poverty. Thus, an urgent need exists to address diabetes amongst African-Americans using several interventions. According to studies, faith based interventions have proven effective in managing the condition in such tightly knit populations such as black-Americans. Thus, the prevent paper will seek to analyze the issue of diabetes amongst African-Americans and suggest appropriate intervention through a PICOT statement.

Population Analysis

            According to statistics, African-Americans accounted for 12.7% of the entire United States population at a figure of 40.7 million. Further, they are only second to Hispanic Latinos as the largest minority population in the country. By the year 2015, the largest percentage of the population stayed in the Southern part of the country whereas Texas had the largest black population in the country. Data from the Office of Minority Health indicates that Detroit in Michigan possessed the largest number of African-Americans per 100 000 persons at 84% while Jackson Mississippi had 80% (King, Moreno, Coleman, & Williams, 2018). The African-American population has more diabetes prevalence with its adults having 80% more likelihood of suffering from the condition compared to non-Hispanic white adults. Moreover, the population has twice the likelihood of having diabetes compared to their white counterparts while also having a higher probability of suffering from diabetic complications such as end stage renal disease (Sattin et al., 2018). Further, inasmuch as their cholesterol levels favorably compare to their white counterparts, they still have a higher likelihood of having high blood pressure.

Given the prevalence of diabetes among this population, health management practices need to be considered. Nursing science will adopt the usage of evidence-based interventions to offer proper diabetes management to this population. The nurses involved will offer care and educate African-Americans about managing the condition. Moreover, Mudaliar et al. (2016) posits that the collection of risk factors concerning diabetes such as poverty, illiteracy, physical activity, and stress among others will play a crucial role in

Benchmark Assignment Part A Population Health Research and PICOT

Benchmark Assignment Part A Population Health Research and PICOT

formulating necessary interventions. In the contemporary nursing practice, the role of epidemiologic, genomic, and genetic data in the management of conditions such as diabetes has become prominent. The usage and application of dataset from the above areas regarding African-Americans will influence a specific management therapy for the condition. Epidemiologic data will also allow a researcher to apply necessary interventions that will curtail the spread of the condition within the African-American environment. On the other hand, the genomic and genetic data will allow health practitioners to understand the role that genetics play in the progression of diabetes and the possibility of using targeted interventions.

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Potential Solution

            Sattin et al. (2018) posit that diabetes is a lifestyle condition and as such requires lifestyle- oriented modifications. One of the most effective evidence-based solutions concerning diabetes entails the usage of community faith-based lifestyle intervention. The application of the community based intervention will not be standalone as it entails the incorporation of either state or federal policies on diabetes. Thus, during the intervention, parishioners in a certain dioceses will be subjected to a Diabetes Prevention Program that entails health education to reduce the prevalence hence moralities associated with diabetes. The intervention will thus be encompassed within the following PICOT statement:

In African-American parishioners with diabetes, will the use of faith-based interventions compared to health education reduce the incidences of diabetes within twelve months?

Health Equity

The incorporation of faith-based interventions entails the adoption of already utilized stratagems in the management of diabetes. In a majority of the faith-based interventions, strategies that will emphasize on behavior modifications and lifestyle changes will be preferred. The parishioners will thus be introduced to healthy diets and offer space for physical activities for the population. Ensuring that the population has access to healthy diet is one of the fundamental goals and objectives of the Healthy People 2020 Initiative. Further, the absence of social amenities such as playgrounds has been associated with the increasing instances of diabetes amongst African-Americans and stakeholders have advised that the federal government should consider these amenities to promote a more active lifestyle amongst affected individuals (Rhodes et al., 2018). Therefore, that the faith-based intervention strategy will look to utilize them implies that the solution promotes health care equity as non-Caucasian neighborhoods have similar facilities.

Conclusion

            Diabetes is a dangerous conditions that needs to be addressed particularly amongst African-Americans. While that is the case, faith-based interventions can be used to address the condition. The significance of adopting such strategies is found in the fact that it promotes health care equity.

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