NRNP 6655 Discussion Neurodevelopmental Disorders

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NRNP 6655 Discussion Neurodevelopmental Disorders

NRNP 6655 Discussion Neurodevelopmental Disorders

I can’t believe I am sitting here talking to this lady. Mom thinks I am nuts just because I will not do what
she asks. She doesn't care about me. She only cares about my little brother and that man that keeps
coming around. I don’t care about her. That is why I throw things and won’t do what she asks. I don’t
care about anyone. Those kids at school who used to be my friends don’t know anything. I am so much
smarter than they are.
—Jacob, age 11
There are many mental disorders that occur early in the life course. The DSM-5 describes
neurodevelopmental disorders such as intellectual disability and delay, autism spectrum disorder,
language and speech disorders, ADHD and specific learning disorder (e.g., dyslexia, difficulty mastering
mathematical reasoning). Diagnosis of these various conditions can rarely be made in a single office visit
and often requires a comprehensive approach involving multiple stakeholders, including the child, his or
her parents, teachers, other significant figures in the child's life, and medical and mental health
professionals, such as psychologists who can conduct comprehensive neuropsychological testing.
The PMHNP must coordinate and integrate several sources of information to arrive at an accurate
diagnosis of these disorders. Early and accurate diagnosis is essential to developing an effective
treatment plan, which will have the potential to minimize the impact of these disorders on the child’s
developmental trajectory. When one considers appropriate diagnosis from this perspective, the
importance of diagnostic accuracy becomes quite apparent.
This week, you begin exploring disorders that occur early in the life course and use this knowledge to
create a study guide for a neurodevelopmental disorder.
Learning Objectives
Students will:
 Analyze signs and symptoms of neurodevelopmental disorders
 Analyze the pathophysiology of neurodevelopmental disorders
 Analyze diagnosis and treatment methods for neurodevelopmental disorders
 Summarize legal, ethical, and patient education factors related to neurodevelopmental
disorders

Learning Resources

Required Readings (click to expand/reduce)

Hilt, R. J., & Nussbaum, A. M. (2016). DSM-5 pocket guide for child and adolescent mental health.
American Psychiatric Association Publishing.
  Chapter 12, “Developmental Milestones”

Thapar, A., Pine, D. S., Leckman, J. F., Scott, S., Snowling, M. J., & Taylor, E. A. (2015). Rutter’s child and
adolescent psychiatry (6th ed.). Wiley Blackwell.
 Chapter 51, “Autism Spectrum Disorder”
 Chapter 55, “ADHD and Hyperkinetic Disorder”

Utah State University. (n.d.). Creating study guides. https://www.usu.edu/academic-
support/test/creating_study_guides

Walden University. (2020). Success strategies: Self-paced interactive tutorials.
https://academicguides.waldenu.edu/academic-skills-center/skills/tutorials/success-strategies

Zakhari, R. (2020). The psychiatric-mental health nurse practitioner certification review manual. Springer.
 Chapter 13, “Child/Adolescent Neurodevelopmental Disorders”

Required Media (click to expand/reduce)

Dillon, K. (2019, March 23). DSM-5 neurodevelopmental disorders. [Video]. YouTube.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ydr9s_UwACo

The National Center for Learning Disabilities. (2013, February 20). What is ADHD? [Video]. YouTube.

Osmosis. (2017, October 17). Autism – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology [Video].
YouTube. https://youtu.be/x2hWVgZ8J4A

Medication Review

Irritability in autism Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

aripiprazole
risperidone

amphetamine IR, XR, and ER
dextroamphetamine
atomoxetine
clonidine hydrocholoride ER
Dexmethylphenidate IR and XR
guanfacine hydrocholride ER
lisdexamfetamine
methylphenidate
methylphenidate hydrocholoride IR and ER, transdermal

Assignment: Study Guide Forum

Click here to ORDER an A++ paper from our Verified MASTERS and DOCTORATE WRITERS:NRNP 6655 Discussion Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Abnormal brain development or damage at an early age can lead to neurodevelopmental disorders.

NRNP 6655 Discussion Neurodevelopmental Disorders

NRNP 6655 Discussion Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Within this group of disorders, some are resolvable with appropriate and timely interventions, either
pharmacological or nonpharmacological, while other disorders are chronic and need to be managed
throughout the lifespan.
For this Assignment, you will develop a study guide for an assigned disorder and share it with your
colleagues. In sum, these study guides will be a powerful tool in preparing for your certification exam.

Photo Credit: Getty Images/iStockphoto
To Prepare
 Your Instructor will assign you to a specific neurodevelopmental disorder from the DSM-5.
 Research your assigned disorder using the Walden Library. Then, develop an organizational
scheme for the important information about the disorder.
The Assignment
Create a study guide for your assigned disorder. Your study guide should be in the form of an outline
with references, and you should incorporate visual elements such as concept maps, charts, diagrams,
images, color coding, mnemonics, and/or flashcards. Be creative! It should not be in the format of an
APA paper. Your guide should be informed by the DSM-5 but also supported by at least three other
scholarly resources.
Areas of importance you should address, but are not limited to, are:
 Signs and symptoms according to the DSM-5

 Differential diagnoses
 Incidence
 Development and course
 Prognosis
 Considerations related to culture, gender, age
 Pharmacological treatments, including any side effects
 Nonpharmacological treatments
 Diagnostics and labs
 Comorbidities
 Legal and ethical considerations
 Pertinent patient education considerations
By Day 7 of Week 8
Submit your Assignment to the forum as an attachment. Although no responses are required, collegial
discussion is welcome. You are encouraged to utilize your peers’ submitted guides on their assigned
neurodevelopmental disorders for study.
Submission and Grading Information
Grading Criteria

To access your rubric:
Week 8 Assignment Rubric

Post by Day 7 of Week 8

To Participate in this Assignment:
Week 8 Assignment

What’s Coming Up in Week 9?
In Week 9, you will analyze clinical, ethical, and legal issues related to diagnosing and treating
dissociative disorders.

Photo Credit: [BrianAJackson]/[iStock / Getty Images Plus]/Getty Images
Next Week

To go to the next week:
Week

I can’t believe I am sitting here talking to this lady. Mom thinks I am nuts just because I will not do what
she asks. She doesn't care about me. She only cares about my little brother and that man that keeps
coming around. I don’t care about her. That is why I throw things and won’t do what she asks. I don’t
care about anyone. Those kids at school who used to be my friends don’t know anything. I am so much
smarter than they are.
—Jacob, age 11
There are many mental disorders that occur early in the life course. The DSM-5 describes
neurodevelopmental disorders such as intellectual disability and delay, autism spectrum disorder,
language and speech disorders, ADHD and specific learning disorder (e.g., dyslexia, difficulty mastering
mathematical reasoning). Diagnosis of these various conditions can rarely be made in a single office visit
and often requires a comprehensive approach involving multiple stakeholders, including the child, his or
her parents, teachers, other significant figures in the child's life, and medical and mental health
professionals, such as psychologists who can conduct comprehensive neuropsychological testing.
The PMHNP must coordinate and integrate several sources of information to arrive at an accurate
diagnosis of these disorders. Early and accurate diagnosis is essential to developing an effective
treatment plan, which will have the potential to minimize the impact of these disorders on the child’s
developmental trajectory. When one considers appropriate diagnosis from this perspective, the
importance of diagnostic accuracy becomes quite apparent.
This week, you begin exploring disorders that occur early in the life course and use this knowledge to
create a study guide for a neurodevelopmental disorder.
Learning Objectives
Students will:
 Analyze signs and symptoms of neurodevelopmental disorders
 Analyze the pathophysiology of neurodevelopmental disorders
 Analyze diagnosis and treatment methods for neurodevelopmental disorders
 Summarize legal, ethical, and patient education factors related to neurodevelopmental
disorders

Learning Resources

Required Readings (click to expand/reduce)

Hilt, R. J., & Nussbaum, A. M. (2016). DSM-5 pocket guide for child and adolescent mental health.
American Psychiatric Association Publishing.
  Chapter 12, “Developmental Milestones”

Thapar, A., Pine, D. S., Leckman, J. F., Scott, S., Snowling, M. J., & Taylor, E. A. (2015). Rutter’s child and
adolescent psychiatry (6th ed.). Wiley Blackwell.
 Chapter 51, “Autism Spectrum Disorder”
 Chapter 55, “ADHD and Hyperkinetic Disorder”

Utah State University. (n.d.). Creating study guides. https://www.usu.edu/academic-
support/test/creating_study_guides

Walden University. (2020). Success strategies: Self-paced interactive tutorials.
https://academicguides.waldenu.edu/academic-skills-center/skills/tutorials/success-strategies

Zakhari, R. (2020). The psychiatric-mental health nurse practitioner certification review manual. Springer.
 Chapter 13, “Child/Adolescent Neurodevelopmental Disorders”

Required Media (click to expand/reduce)

Dillon, K. (2019, March 23). DSM-5 neurodevelopmental disorders. [Video]. YouTube.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ydr9s_UwACo

The National Center for Learning Disabilities. (2013, February 20). What is ADHD? [Video]. YouTube.

Osmosis. (2017, October 17). Autism – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology [Video].
YouTube. https://youtu.be/x2hWVgZ8J4A

Medication Review

Irritability in autism Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

aripiprazole
risperidone

amphetamine IR, XR, and ER
dextroamphetamine
atomoxetine
clonidine hydrocholoride ER
Dexmethylphenidate IR and XR
guanfacine hydrocholride ER
lisdexamfetamine
methylphenidate
methylphenidate hydrocholoride IR and ER, transdermal

Assignment: Study Guide Forum
Abnormal brain development or damage at an early age can lead to neurodevelopmental disorders.
Within this group of disorders, some are resolvable with appropriate and timely interventions, either
pharmacological or nonpharmacological, while other disorders are chronic and need to be managed
throughout the lifespan.
For this Assignment, you will develop a study guide for an assigned disorder and share it with your
colleagues. In sum, these study guides will be a powerful tool in preparing for your certification exam.

Photo Credit: Getty Images/iStockphoto
To Prepare
 Your Instructor will assign you to a specific neurodevelopmental disorder from the DSM-5.
 Research your assigned disorder using the Walden Library. Then, develop an organizational
scheme for the important information about the disorder.
The Assignment
Create a study guide for your assigned disorder. Your study guide should be in the form of an outline
with references, and you should incorporate visual elements such as concept maps, charts, diagrams,
images, color coding, mnemonics, and/or flashcards. Be creative! It should not be in the format of an
APA paper. Your guide should be informed by the DSM-5 but also supported by at least three other
scholarly resources.
Areas of importance you should address, but are not limited to, are:
 Signs and symptoms according to the DSM-5

 Differential diagnoses
 Incidence
 Development and course
 Prognosis
 Considerations related to culture, gender, age
 Pharmacological treatments, including any side effects
 Nonpharmacological treatments
 Diagnostics and labs
 Comorbidities
 Legal and ethical considerations
 Pertinent patient education considerations
By Day 7 of Week 8
Submit your Assignment to the forum as an attachment. Although no responses are required, collegial
discussion is welcome. You are encouraged to utilize your peers’ submitted guides on their assigned
neurodevelopmental disorders for study.
Submission and Grading Information
Grading Criteria

To access your rubric:
Week 8 Assignment Rubric

Post by Day 7 of Week 8

To Participate in this Assignment:
Week 8 Assignment

What’s Coming Up in Week 9?
In Week 9, you will analyze clinical, ethical, and legal issues related to diagnosing and treating
dissociative disorders.

Photo Credit: [BrianAJackson]/[iStock / Getty Images Plus]/Getty Images
Next Week

To go to the next week:
Week

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