NSG 4029 Week 4 Project EI theories
NSG 4029 Week 4 Project EI theories
This assignment will help you to understand EI.
Using the South University Online Library or the Internet,
research about EI theories, communication styles, team building, and decision
making. Go to the website berkeley.edu and take the quiz.
Based on your research and understanding, create a white
paper in a 3- to 4-page Microsoft Word document that:
Describe how your EI level can either enhance or hinder
effective leadership in the health care environment.
Discuss the results of the EI Quiz.
Use this APA Citation Helper as a convenient reference for
properly citing resources.
This handout will provide you the details of formatting your
essay using APA style.
You may create your essay in this APA-formatted template.
Support your responses with examples.
On a separate references page, cite all sources using APA
Name your document
Submit your document to the
Submissions Area by the due date assigned.
Emotional Intelligence (EI) is currently a flourishing area in positive psychology and research has shown it is associated with academic achievement (Banchard in press, Bracket, Mayer & Warner, in press, Lam & Kirby, 2002), a decreased likelihood of aggressive behavior (Bracket & Mayer, 2003) and positively relating to others (Cote, Lopes, Salovey & Bears, 2003).
Additionally EI has potential use in education (Sel, Elias, Hunter & Kness, 2001, Payton et al., 2000) human resource management including teamwork and building positive relationships with others (Cote, Lopes & Salovey, 2003), and in politics including the effect of emotion on decision making and behavior (Marcus, Neuman, & Mackuen, 2000) and family dynamics (Elias, Tobias, & Friedlander, 1999). Thus EI is an important subject to examine with many useful applications.
This article will briefly describe two current models of EI; the ability model (Mayer, Salovey, 1997) and the Emotional Social Intelligence Model of EI (Baron, 2006) and describe supportive research evidence for each. It will then briefly describe two measures based on these models. Lastly research issues and future considerations in this area will be discussed.
Brief history of emotional intelligence
The study of EI developed through the area of cognition and affect, looking at how emotion affected thought. Initially it was believed that emotion had a detrimental effect; however, in time it was considered that emotion could also be adaptive to thought (Mayer, 2000) and that they could complement each other (Mayer, Salovey, 1990, Mayer, Dipaolo & Salovey, 1990; 1990 as cited in Mayer, 2000) Mayer and Salovey (1990) developed their first theory of EI, which subsequently became popularized by Goleman (1996). Goleman proposed that EI was integral for life success. Since then, several theories have emerged with conflicting views, and subsequently, different measures (Matthews et al., 2004).
Mayer and Salovey’s (1997) model of Emotional Intelligence
Mayer and Salovey (1997) proposed that EI was a cognitive ability which is separate but also associated to, general intelligence. This model consists of four different abilities (or branches) including; perception of emotion, emotional facilitation, understanding emotions, and management of emotions (Mayer & Salovey, 1997). These branches are ordered from basic to higher-order abilities which develop as an individual matures (Mayer & Salovey, 1997).
Emotion perception is the ability to perceive emotions in yourself and others. It also includes perceiving non – verbal signals, and emotion in stimuli such as landscapes and art (Mayer & Salovey, 2003).
Emotional facilitation is the ability of emotions to help thinking in three ways;
- by signaling important environmental changes,
- changing mood helping individuals to see a situation in several different ways.
- Thirdly facilitation assists different types of reasoning (Mayer & Salovey, 2003).
Understanding emotions involves knowledge of emotions; emotional vocabulary; and how they blend to create other emotions which change overtime. Managing emotions involves the ability to manage your own emotions and those of people around you (Mayer & Salovey, 2003).
Supporting this model, Mayer, Salovey and Caruso (1997 as cited in Sternberg, 2000) asked participants to judge the emotional content of several stimuli (e.g. faces, designs and colors). Participants consensually identified emotion in all these stimuli, supporting the emotion perception branch. In another study, Lane, Quinkin, Schwartz, Walker and Zebrin (1990 as cited in Sternberg, 2000) found that participants, who performed well at responding to hypothetical emotional situations, were higher in emotion perception and lower in alexithymia, supporting both the managing and understanding emotion branches.