NUR 2571 Assignment Acute Complications of Diabetes

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NUR 2571 Assignment Acute Complications of Diabetes

NUR 2571 Assignment Acute Complications of Diabetes

 

Comparison of Acute Complications of Diabetes:

Hypoglycemia

Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic syndrome

Clinical Manifestations

Diagnostic Data

Interventions

Patient Teaching

NUR2571 Professional Nursing II

Module 8 Assignment

Otitis Media

An 8-year-old girl comes to your ambulatory care clinic with complaints of left ear pain for the past 3 days. She had respiratory infection a week ago. On physical examination, the tympanic membrane is bulging.

Answer the following questions:

What else should you ask the client?

What teaching would you reinforce to prevent the recurrence of otitis media?

What expected outcomes would be specific to this situation?

Submit your completed assignment by following the directions linked below. Please check the Course Calendar for specific due dates.

Complications caused by diabetes

NUR 2571 Assignment Acute Complications of Diabetes

NUR 2571 Assignment Acute Complications of Diabetes

People with diabetes must routinely monitor and regulate their blood sugar. No matter how careful you may be, there’s still a possibility that a problem might arise.

There are two types of complications you may experience: acute and chronic. Acute complications require emergency care. Examples include hypoglycemia and ketoacidosis.

If left untreated, these conditions can cause:

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  • seizures
  • loss of consciousness
  • death

Chronic complications occur when diabetes isn’t managed properly. Diabetes causes high blood sugar levels. If not controlled well over time, high blood sugar levels can damage various organs, including the:

  • eyes
  • kidneys
  • heart
  • skin

Unmanaged diabetes can also cause nerve damage.

Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia)

People with diabetes can experience sudden drops in their blood sugar. Skipping a meal or taking too much insulin or other medications that increase insulin levels in the body are common causes. People who are on other diabetes medications that do not increase insulin levels are not at risk for hypoglycemia. Symptoms can include:

  • blurry vision
  • rapid heartbeat
  • headache
  • shaking
  • dizziness

If your blood sugar gets too low, you can experience fainting, seizures, or coma.

Ketoacidosis

This is a complication of diabetes that occurs when your body cannot use sugar, or glucose, as a fuel source because your body has no insulin or not enough insulin. If your cells are starved for energy, your body begins to break down fat. Potentially toxic acids called ketone bodies, which are byproducts of fat breakdown, build up in the body. This can lead to:

  • dehydration
  • abdominal pain
  • breathing problems
    Eye problems

    Diabetes can damage blood vessels in the eyes and cause various problems. Possible eye conditions may include:

    Cataracts

    Cataracts are two to five timesTrusted Source more likely to develop in people with diabetes. Cataracts cause the eye’s clear lens to cloud, blocking light from getting in. Mild cataracts can be treated with sunglasses and glare-control lenses. Severe cataracts may be treated with a lens implant.

    Glaucoma

    This is when pressure builds up in the eye and restricts blood flow to the retina and optic nerve. Glaucoma causes gradual loss of eyesight. People with diabetes are two timesTrusted Source as likely to develop glaucoma.

    Diabetic retinopathy

    This is a general term that describes any problems of the retina caused by diabetes. In the earlier stages, capillaries (small blood vessels) in the back of the eye enlarge and form pouches. This can lead to swelling and bleeding that distorts your vision.

    It can also advance to the proliferative form. This is where blood vessels of the retina are so damaged that they close off and force new blood vessels to form. These new vessels are weak and bleed. The proliferative form can lead to permanent vision loss.

    Macular edema

    The macula is the part of your eye that lets you see faces and read. Macular edema is caused by diabetic retinopathy. When capillary walls lose their ability to control the passage of substances between the blood and retina, fluid can leak into the macula of the eye and cause it to swell. This condition causes blurred vision and potential loss of vision. Prompt treatment is often effective and can control vision loss.

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