NUR 3805 Chapter 7 Quiz

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NUR 3805 Chapter 7 Quiz

NUR 3805 Chapter 7 Quiz

Question 1

Which of the following situations is an
example of moral distress?

You
become romantically involved with a co-worker, which is against the unit policy,
so you resign your position.

You
purposefully use vague language when explaining a patient’s condition to the
family. Staff expects that the patient may be brain-dead, but test results are
not yet conclusive.

You
hear nurses in the lounge making off-color jokes about a patient. You are
afraid to speak up for fear of retaliation.

You have been late for work a couple of times in the last 2 weeks, and
your co-workers are covering for you.

Question 2

According to Kohlberg’s theory of moral
development, individuals who act “because it is the rule of society” are
operating in which level of moral development?

Developmental

Preconventional

Postconventional

Conventional

Question 3

According to Kohlberg’s theory, which of
the following is true of moral development?

Holding people responsible for their actions does not improve moral
development.

Participating in decision making promotes moral reasoning.

Intellectual development has no effect on moral development.

Participating in debates on ethical issues decreases moral development.

Question 4

Which of the following ethical theories is
illustrated by the example of following the Golden Rule, “Do unto others as you
wish them to do unto you”?

Utilitarianism

Principlism

Virtue ethics

Deontology

Question 5

Respecting the right of a patient with
terminal cancer to refuse chemotherapy is based on a belief in the ethical
principle of

nonmaleficence.

death with dignity.

justice.

autonomy.

Question 6

A school nurse teaching school-aged
children about water safety is an example of which ethical principle?

Beneficence

Veracity

Autonomy

Justice

Question 7

The current emphasis on eliminating
racially based health disparities is based on which of the following ethical
principles?

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Fidelity

Justice

Double effect

Veracity

Question 8

A patient who is terminally ill is
experiencing great pain. To relieve the patient’s suffering, the nurse needs to
administer larger doses of morphine. This relieves the pain but also inhibits
respiration. Which principle justifies the risk of harm?

NUR 3805 Chapter 7 Quiz

NUR 3805 Chapter 7 Quiz

Justice

Veracity

Fidelity

Double effect

Question 9

When nurses receive a patient assignment
and accept reports on these patients, they are committed to providing care to
those assigned to them. This is based on the ethical principle of

justice.

beneficence.

fidelity.

veracity.

Question 10

father of four is admitted after an
automobile accident in which two of the children were killed. Recognizing that
he is in very serious condition, the nurse believes that it would be
appropriate to avoid telling him about the death of his children unless he asks
directly. This could be considered a violation of the ethical principle of

veracity.

beneficence.

justice.

fidelity.

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