NUR 3805 Chapter 9 Quiz

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NUR 3805 Chapter 9 Quiz

NUR 3805 Chapter 9 Quiz

Question 1

Which of the following best describes the
meaning of the term “theory”?

An
organizational structure that outlines concrete connections between concepts

A
group of related concepts, definitions, and statements that describe a certain
view of nursing phenomena from which to describe or predict outcomes

Statements that describe linkages between concepts and propose a
testable outcome

A
set of beliefs about the nature of how things work and how the world should be
viewed

Question 2

A broad, general view of nursing that
clarifies values and answers broad disciplinary questions for nursing is known
as a

theory.

philosophy.

conceptual model.

metaparadigm.

Question 3

The nurse adjusts the patient’s room to
allow the patient to see the sunlight out the window and checks the patient’s
diet tray to ensure a balanced diet. The nurse could be basing care on the
philosophy of

Watson.

Nightingale.

Henderson.

Roy.

Question 4

Which of the following human needs was not
included in Henderson’s 14 basic needs of patients?

Sleep and rest

Sexuality

Need for work

Spirituality

Question 5

Which contemporary theorist is best known
for her emphasis on the caring aspect of nursing?

Henderson

Orem

Watson

King

Question 6

Which nursing model is based on the
assumption that people want to be in control of their lives?

Orem

Watson

Roy

King

Question 7

A patient had a significant blood loss in
surgery and now has a low hemoglobin level. The patient complains of fatigue.
The nurse intervenes to facilitate adaptation by establishing periods of rest
and scheduling activities throughout the day. The nurse could be basing care on
the conceptual model of

King.

Roy.

Orem.

Johnson.

Question 8

The nurse has established a relationship
with a patient in whom asthma was recently diagnosed. Through their
interactions, the nurse helps the patient understand the mechanism of asthma
and develop the skills to use a spacer with the inhaler. The nurse could be
basing care on the theory of

Leininger.

Peplau.

Orlando.

Neuman.

Question 9

The nurse observes a patient pacing around
the room. The patient expresses concern that being hospitalized will cause lost
wages and create economic problems. The nurse infers that the patient is
anxious, which the patient confirms. The nurse could be basing care on the
theory of

Peplau.

Orlando.

Neuman.

Leininger.

Question 10

The nurse is caring for a young Hispanic
patient after surgery. The patient hesitates when the nurse asks about meal
selections from the menu. When the parents return, the nurse asks the patient
what foods are eaten when one is ill. The nurse could be basing care on the
theory of

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Leininger.

Peplau.

Neuman.

Orlando.

The discovery of oxygen would be called
pure science because this information

could direct further research at the bedside.

was
obtained for the sake of obtaining new knowledge of the world.

had an immediate use for humans.

would be useful in curing, managing, or preventing disease.

Question 2

To build the body of knowledge of nursing,
a problem amenable to study should be

based on published research findings and fit logically with what is
already known.

able to ensure participants that the intervention is a “good idea.”

able to produce results that are applicable to a variety of situations.

an
original area of study never researched previously.

Question 3

Which of the following are the three most
common sources of research questions?

Clinical problems, replication of prior research, testing nursing theory

Review of existing research, NIH grants, request by state board of
nursing

Study of clinical problems, anecdotal stories, requests by the National
Institutes of Health (NIH)

Requests by drug companies, doctoral students, review of the literature

Question 4

A nursing manager wants the unit staff to
become more involved in research. The staff nurses say they are not qualified
to conduct research. Which response by the manager is best?

“At
the staff nurse level, you can assist with clinical studies by doing data
collection.”

“A
baccalaureate-prepared nurse should be able to design simple studies.”

“If
we all work on this together, we can design and implement good research
studies.”

“You need a basic understanding of the research process because you
should be good consumers of research.”

Question 5

Which research design has the goal of
determining a cause-and-effect relationship?

Applied research

Pure
research

Nonexperimental design

Experimental design

Question 6

Which research design should be used to
determine whether there is a difference in the effectiveness of two
preoperative preparation methods on length of stay?

Survey design

Nonexperimental
design

Descriptive comparison design

Experimental design

Question 7

What body has been established to protect
participants of research?

State board of nursing

Peer review panel

Nursing research board

Institutional review board

Question 8

What is meant by the term “evidence-based
practice”?

Using nursing research findings to develop nursing theory

Integrating the research process into nursing administration

Applying research findings; patient care data, preferences, and values;
and nursing expertise to nursing practice

Studying research from the social sciences and applying it to practice

Question 9

Which of the following is not a necessary
step in the research process?

Dissemination of results

Design of the study

Review of the literature

Review of best practice guidelines

Question 10

A data collection protocol calls for a
questionnaire to be administered to patients having knee replacement surgery
after the third physical therapy appointment. Errors can be introduced into the
study by

giving the questionnaire to the participants after the appointment to be
completed while they have a snack.

reading the questionnaire to the participants with poor reading skills.

giving the questionnaire to all participants when they arrive for their
appointment.

giving the questionnaire to all participants.

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