NUR 3805 Discussion Three Types Of Review Articles

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NUR 3805 Discussion Three Types Of Review Articles

NUR 3805 Discussion Three Types Of Review Articles

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So ~ We’re always talking about
evidenced-based practice, but HOW DOES ONE FIND THE EVIDENCE?!?

Let’s talk about scholarly articles for a
moment ~ There are different types of scholarly literature, some of which
require original research (or “primary literature”) and some that are
based on other published work (“secondary literature”). For this
module, though I highly value original work, we are going to look at review
articles (a secondary literature source). Review articles give an overview of
existing literature on a topic, often identifying specific problems or issues
and analyzing information from available published work on the topic with a
balanced perspective.

There are three types of review articles
(broadly speaking!):

1. the literature review: An important part
of the text of a scholarly paper that includes the current knowledge including
substantive findings, as well as theoretical and methodological contributions
on a specific topic.

2. the systematic review: This form of
review collects and summarizes all empirical evidence that fits pre-specified
eligibility criteria (our review of choice this week!).

3. the meta-analysis: This just strengthens
the findings of a systematic review as it statistically combines data from
multiple studies to evaluate a common effect.

Systematic reviews and meta-analysis are
considered to be the highest quality evidence on a research topic because their
study design reduces bias and produces more reliable findings. This week we are
going to look at a topic of your choice. Ideally, there are a least peer
reviewed articles on the topic, however it would be nice to find a systematic
review. How does one find systematic reviews?! (Hint: Look at CINAHL database
through EFSC library and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR) which
is considered the leading resource for systematic reviews in health care. The
CDSR includes Cochrane Reviews (Links to an external site.)Links to an external
site. (the systematic reviews) and protocols @ Cochrane.org Link (Links to an
external site.)Links to an external site.)

Discussion:
Please answer 2 of the 5 questions below. Choose ONE of questions from
1-4 AND complete question 5.

Part I: Answer question 1, 2,3 or 4:

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1. Discuss the difference between inductive
and deductive reasoning. Why is neither adequate to advance knowledge alone?

OR

2. Identify the NIH and NINR definition of
nursing research. Base on this, what is the primary focus of EBP?

OR

3. Is inductive or deductive reasoning most
likely to change practice? Explain.

OR

4. Where does research on improving nursing
education and learning outcomes fit into the definition of nursing research
provided by the NIH and NINR definition?

Part II: Please answer the following
question:

5.
Choose a topic that interests you and examine the SECONDARY research
using the PICO process.

Do a search of the literature in 2 data
bases: CINAHL database (Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health
Literature ~ the largest and most in-depth nursing research database) and
Cochrane (at Chochrane.org~ the ‘gold standard’ for EBP) and, based on your
findings, choose ONE secondary research article (ideally a systematic review or
meta-analysis!) that interests you to summarize. In the summary, please
include:

Can the steps of the research process be
identified ?

Does the article make you consider
practicing in a different way?

How To Resource: How to do a library data
base search: Go to Library Resources on your MyEFSC.edu site. choose Database
Search. Click on the the data bases then put in your search words: CINAHL ~
this process takes practice. Don’t let yourself feel frustrated at the process!

Cochrane Database is not part of the EFSC
database collection but it is accessible to you. In regard to the Cochrane
Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR) you can use the advanced search (Links to
an external site.)Links to an external site. or you can browse by topic (Links
to an external site.)Links to an external site. or by Cochrane Review Group
(Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. (CRG).

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