NURS 6512 Assessment of Cognition and the Neurologic System

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NURS 6512 Assessment of Cognition and the Neurologic System

NURS 6512 Assessment of Cognition and the Neurologic System

 

A 63-year-old woman comes to your office because she's been forgetting things…a
young mother comes in concerned because her baby fails to make eye contact and is
unresponsive to touch…a teenager comes in and a parent complains that the teen
obsessively washes his hands.
An array of neurological conditions could be causing the above symptoms. When
assessing the neurologic system, it is vital to formulate an accurate diagnosis as early
as possible to prevent continued damage and deterioration of a patient's quality of life.
This week, you will explore methods for assessing the cognition and the neurologic
system.
Learning Objectives
Students will:
 Evaluate abnormal neurological symptoms
 Apply concepts, theories, and principles relating to health assessment techniques and
diagnoses for cognition and the neurologic system
 Assess health conditions based on a head-to-toe physical examination
Learning Resources

Required Readings (click to expand/reduce)
Ball, J. W., Dains, J. E., Flynn, J. A., Solomon, B. S., & Stewart, R. W.
(2019). Seidel's guide to physical examination: An interprofessional
approach (9th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Mosby.

 Chapter 7, “Mental Status”
This chapter revolves around the mental status evaluation of an
individual’s overall cognitive state. The chapter includes a list of mental
abnormalities and their symptoms.

 ·Chapter 23, “Neurologic System”
The authors of this chapter explore the anatomy and physiology of the
neurologic system. The authors also describe neurological examinations
and potential findings.
Dains, J. E., Baumann, L. C., & Scheibel, P. (2019). Advanced health
assessment and clinical diagnosis in primary care (6th ed.). St. Louis, MO:
Elsevier Mosby.
Credit Line: Advanced Health Assessment and Clinical Diagnosis in Primary Care, 6th Edition by Dains, J.E.,
Baumann, L. C., & Scheibel, P. Copyright 2019 by Mosby. Reprinted by permission of Mosby via the Copyright
Clearance Center.

Chapter 4, “Affective Changes”
This chapter outlines how to identify the potential cause of affective
changes in a patient. The authors provide a suggested approach to the
evaluation of this type of change, and they include specific tools that can
be used as part of the diagnosis.
Chapter 9, “Confusion in Older Adults”
This chapter focuses on causes of confusion in older adults, with an
emphasis on dementia. The authors include suggested questions for
taking a focused history as well as what to look for in a physical
examination.
Chapter 13, “Dizziness”
Dizziness can be a symptom of many underlying conditions. This chapter
outlines the questions to ask a patient in taking a focused history and
different tests to use in a physical examination.
Chapter 19, “Headache”
The focus of this chapter is the identification of the causes of headaches.
The first step is to ensure that the headache is not a life-threatening
condition. The authors give suggestions for taking a thorough history and
performing a physical exam.
Chapter 31, “Sleep Problems”
In this chapter, the authors highlight the main causes of sleep problems.
They also provide possible questions to use in taking the patient’s history,
things to look for when performing a physical exam, and possible
laboratory and diagnostic studies that might be useful in making the
diagnosis.
Sullivan, D. D. (2019). Guide to clinical documentation (3rd ed.).
Philadelphia, PA: F. A. Davis.
 Chapter 2, "The Comprehensive History and Physical Exam" ("Cranial
Nerves and Their Function" and "Grading Reflexes") (Previously read in
Weeks 1, 2, 3, and 5)
Note: Download the Physical Examination Objective Data Checklist to use
as you complete the Comprehensive (Head-to-Toe) Physical Assessment
assignment.
Seidel, H. M., Ball, J. W., Dains, J. E., Flynn, J. A., Solomon, B. S., &
Stewart, R. W. (2011). Physical examination objective data checklist. In
Mosby’s guide to physical examination (7th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier
Mosby.

Credit Line: Mosby’s Guide to Physical Examination, 7th Edition by Seidel, H. M., Ball, J. W., Dains, J. E., Flynn, J. A.,
Solomon, B. S., & Stewart, R. W. Copyright 2011 by Elsevier. Reprinted by permission of Elsevier via the Copyright Clearance
Center.

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Note: Download and review the Student Checklists and Key Points to use
during your practice neurological examination.
Ball, J. W., Dains, J. E., Flynn, J. A., Solomon, B. S., & Stewart, R. W.
(2019). Neurologic system: Student checklist. In Seidel's guide to physical
examination: An interprofessional approach (9th ed.). St. Louis, MO:
Elsevier Mosby.
Credit Line: Seidel's Guide to Physical Examination, 9th Edition by Ball, J. W., Dains, J. E., Flynn, J. A., Solomon, B. S., &
Stewart, R. W. Copyright 2019 by Elsevier Health Sciences. Reprinted by permission of Elsevier Health Sciences via the
Copyright Clearance Center.
Ball, J. W., Dains, J. E., Flynn, J. A., Solomon, B. S., & Stewart, R. W.
(2019). Neurologic system: Key points. In Seidel's guide to physical
examination: An interprofessional approach (9th ed.). St. Louis, MO:
Elsevier Mosby.
Credit Line: Seidel's Guide to Physical Examination, 9th Edition by Ball, J. W., Dains, J. E., Flynn, J. A., Solomon, B. S., &
Stewart, R. W. Copyright 2019 by Elsevier Health Sciences. Reprinted by permission of Elsevier Health Sciences via the
Copyright Clearance Center.
Ball, J. W., Dains, J. E., Flynn, J. A., Solomon, B. S., & Stewart, R. W.
(2019). Mental status: Student checklist. In Seidel's guide to physical
examination: An interprofessional approach (9th ed.). St. Louis, MO:
Elsevier Mosby.
Credit Line: Seidel's Guide to Physical Examination, 9th Edition by Ball, J. W., Dains, J. E., Flynn, J. A., Solomon, B. S., &
Stewart, R. W. Copyright 2019 by Elsevier Health Sciences. Reprinted by permission of Elsevier Health Sciences via the
Copyright Clearance Center.

Bearden , S. T., & Nay, L. B. (2011). Utility of EEG in differential diagnosis
of adults with unexplained acute alteration of mental status. American
Journal of Electroneurodiagnostic Technology, 51(2), 92–104.
This article reviews the use of electrocenographs (EEG) to
assist in differential diagnoses. The authors provide differential
diagnostic scenarios in which the EEG was useful.

Athilingam, P ., Visovsky, C., & Elliott, A. F. (2015). Cognitive screening in
persons with chronic diseases in primary care: Challenges and
recommendations for practice. American Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease &
Other Dementias, 30(6), 547–558. doi:10.1177/1533317515577127

Sinclair , A. J., Gadsby, R., Hillson, R., Forbes, A., & Bayer, A. J. (2013).
Brief report: Use of the Mini-Cog as a screening tool for cognitive

impairment in diabetes in primary care. Diabetes Research and Clinical
Practice, 100(1), e23–e25. doi:10.1016/j.diabres.2013.01.001

Roalf, D. R., Moberg, P. J., Xei, S. X., Wolk, D. A., Moelter, S. T., &
Arnold, S. E. (2013). Comparative accuracies of two common screening
instruments for classification of Alzheimer’s disease, mild cognitive
impairment, and healthy aging. Alzheimer’s & Dementia, 9(5), 529–537.
doi:10.1016/j.jalz.2012.10.001. Retrieved from
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4036230/
Shadow Health Support and Orientation Resources
Use the following resources to guide you through your Shadow Health orientation
as well as other support resources:
Frey, C. [Chris Frey]. (2015, September 4). Student orientation [Video file].
Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rfd_8pTJBkY
Shadow Health. (n.d.). Shadow Health help desk. Retrieved
from https://support.shadowhealth.com/hc/en-us
Document: Shadow Health. (2014). Useful tips and tricks (Version 2)
(PDF)
Document: Student Acknowledgement Form (Word document)
Note: You will sign and date this form each time you complete your DCE
Assignment in Shadow Health to acknowledge your commitment to
Walden University’s Code of Conduct.
Document: DCE (Shadow Health) Documentation Template for
Comprehensive (Head-to-Toe) Physical Assessment (Word document)
Use this template to complete your Assignment 3 for this week.
Optional Resources
LeBlond, R. F., Brown, D. D., & DeGowin, R. L. (2014). DeGowin’s
diagnostic examination (10th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw Hill Medical.

 Chapter 14, “The Neurologic Examination” (pp. 683–765)
This chapter provides an overview of the nervous system. The authors
also explain the basics of neurological exams.
 Chapter 15, “Mental Status, Psychiatric, and Social Evaluations” (pp.
766–786)
In this chapter, the authors provide a list of common psychiatric
syndromes. The authors also explain the mental, psychiatric, and social
evaluation process.
Mahlknecht, P., Hotter, A., Hussl, A., Esterhammer, R., Schockey, M., &
Seppi, K. (2010). Significance of MRI in diagnosis and differential
diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease. Neurodegenerative Diseases, 7(5),
300–318.
Required Media (click to expand/reduce)

Online media for Seidel's Guide to Physical Examination
It is highly recommended that you access and view the resources included with the
course text, Seidel's Guide to Physical Examination. Focus on the videos and
animations in Chapters 7 and 23 that relate to the assessment of cognition and the
neurologic system. Refer to the Week 4 Learning Resources area for access instructions
on  https://evolve.elsevier.com/

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