NURS 6512 Assessment of the Heart Lungs and Peripheral Vascular System

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NURS 6512 Assessment of the Heart Lungs and Peripheral Vascular System

NURS 6512 Assessment of the Heart Lungs and Peripheral Vascular System

 

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the largest cause of death worldwide. Accounting for
610,000 deaths annually (CDC, 2017), CVD frequently goes unnoticed until it is too late.
Early detection and prevention measures can save the lives of many patients who have
CVD. Conducting an assessment of the heart, lungs, and peripheral vascular system is
one of the first steps that can be taken to detect CVD and many more conditions that
may occur in the thorax or chest area.
This week, you will evaluate abnormal findings in the area of the chest and lungs. In
addition, you will appraise health assessment techniques and diagnoses for the heart,
lungs, and peripheral vascular system.
Learning Objectives
Students will:
 Evaluate abnormal cardiac and respiratory findings
 Apply concepts, theories, and principles relating to health assessment techniques and
diagnoses for the heart, lungs, and peripheral vascular system
Learning Resources

Required Readings (click to expand/reduce)
Ball, J. W., Dains, J. E., Flynn, J. A., Solomon, B. S., & Stewart, R. W.
(2019). Seidel's guide to physical examination: An interprofessional
approach (9th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Mosby.

 Chapter 14, “Chest and Lungs”
This chapter explains the physical exam process for the chest and lungs.
The authors also include descriptions of common abnormalities in the
chest and lungs.

 Chapter 15, “Heart”
The authors of this chapter explain the structure and function of the heart.
The text also describes the steps used to conduct an exam of the heart.

 Chapter 16, “Blood Vessels”
This chapter describes how to properly conduct a physical examination of
the blood vessels. The chapter also supplies descriptions of common
heart disorders.

Colyar, M. R. (2015). Advanced practice nursing procedures. Philadelphia,
PA: F. A. Davis.

 Chapter 107, “X-Ray Interpretation: Chest (pp. 480–487) (previously read
in Week 6; specifically focus on pp. 480–481)
Dains, J. E., Baumann, L. C., & Scheibel, P. (2019). Advanced health
assessment and clinical diagnosis in primary care (6th ed.). St. Louis, MO:
Elsevier Mosby.
Credit Line: Advanced Health Assessment and Clinical Diagnosis in Primary Care, 6th Edition by Dains, J.E., Baumann, L. C., &
Scheibel, P. Copyright 2019 by Mosby. Reprinted by permission of Mosby via the Copyright Clearance Center.
Chapter 8, “Chest Pain”
This chapter focuses on diagnosing the cause of chest pain and highlights
the importance of first determining whether the patient is in a life-
threatening condition. It includes questions that can help pinpoint the type
and severity of pain and then describes how to perform a physical
examination. Finally, the authors outline potential laboratory and
diagnostic studies.
Chapter 11, “Cough”
A cough is a very common symptom in patients and usually indicates a
minor health problem. This chapter focuses on how to determine the
cause of the cough by asking questions and performing a physical exam.
Chapter 14, “Dyspnea”
The focus of this chapter is dyspnea, or shortness of breath. The chapter
includes strategies for determining the cause of the problem through
evaluation of the patient’s history, through physical examination, and
through additional laboratory and diagnostic tests.
Chapter 26, “Palpitations”
This chapter describes the different causes of heart palpitations and
details how the specific cause in a patient can be determined.
Chapter 33, “Syncope”
This chapter focuses on syncope, or loss of consciousness. The authors
describe the difficulty of ascertaining the cause, because the patient is
usually seen after the loss of consciousness has happened. The chapter
includes information on potential causes and the symptoms of each.
Note: Download the Student Checklists and Key Points to use during your
practice cardiac and respiratory examination.

Ball, J. W., Dains, J. E., Flynn, J. A., Solomon, B. S., & Stewart, R. W.
(2019). Chest and lungs: Student checklist. In Seidel's guide to physical
examination: An interprofessional approach (9th ed.). St. Louis, MO:
Elsevier Mosby.
Credit Line: Seidel's Guide to Physical Examination, 9th Edition by Ball, J. W., Dains, J. E., Flynn, J. A., Solomon, B. S., &
Stewart, R. W. Copyright 2019 by Elsevier Health Sciences. Reprinted by permission of Elsevier Health Sciences via the
Copyright Clearance Center.
Ball, J. W., Dains, J. E., Flynn, J. A., Solomon, B. S., & Stewart, R. W.
(2019). Chest and lungs: Key points. In Seidel's guide to physical
examination: An interprofessional approach (9th ed.). St. Louis, MO:

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NURS 6512 Assessment of the Heart Lungs and Peripheral Vascular System

NURS 6512 Assessment of the Heart Lungs and Peripheral Vascular System

Credit Line: Seidel's Guide to Physical Examination, 9th Edition by Ball, J. W., Dains, J. E., Flynn, J. A., Solomon, B. S., &
Stewart, R. W. Copyright 2019 by Elsevier Health Sciences. Reprinted by permission of Elsevier Health Sciences via the
Copyright Clearance Center.
Ball, J. W., Dains, J. E., Flynn, J. A., Solomon, B. S., & Stewart, R. W.
(2019). Heart: Student checklist. In Seidel's guide to physical examination:
An interprofessional approach (9th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Mosby.
Credit Line: Seidel's Guide to Physical Examination, 9th Edition by Ball, J. W., Dains, J. E., Flynn, J. A., Solomon, B. S., &
Stewart, R. W. Copyright 2019 by Elsevier Health Sciences. Reprinted by permission of Elsevier Health Sciences via the
Copyright Clearance Center.
Ball, J. W., Dains, J. E., Flynn, J. A., Solomon, B. S., & Stewart, R. W.
(2019). Heart: Key points. In Seidel's guide to physical examination: An
interprofessional approach (9th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Mosby.
Credit Line: Seidel's Guide to Physical Examination, 9th Edition by Ball, J. W., Dains, J. E., Flynn, J. A., Solomon, B. S., &
Stewart, R. W. Copyright 2019 by Elsevier Health Sciences. Reprinted by permission of Elsevier Health Sciences via the
Copyright Clearance Center.

Katz, J. N., Lyons, N., Wolff, L. S., Silverman, J., Emrani, P., Holt, H. L., …
Losina, E. (2011). Medical decision-making among Hispanics and non-
Hispanic Whites with chronic back and knee pain: A qualitative study.
BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 12(1), 78–85.

This study examines the medical decision making among
Hispanics and non-Hispanic whites. The authors also analyze
the preferred information sources used for making decisions in
these populations.

Smuck, M., Kao, M., Brar, N., Martinez-Ith, A., Choi, J., & Tomkins-Lane,
C. C. (2014). Does physical activity influence the relationship between low
back pain and obesity? The Spine Journal, 14(2), 209–216.
doi:10.1016/j.spinee.2013.11.010

Shiri, R., Solovieva , S., Husgafvel-Pursiainen, K., Telama, R., Yang, X.,
Viikari, J., Raitakari, O. T., & Viikari-Juntura, E. (2013). The role of obesity

and physical activity in non-specific and radiating low back pain: The
Young Finns study. Seminars in Arthritis & Rheumatism, 42(6), 640–650.
doi:10.1016/j.semarthrit.2012.09.002

McCabe, C., & Wiggins, J. (2010a). Differential diagnosis of
respiratory disease part 1. Practice Nurse, 40(1), 35–41.
This article describes the warning signs of impending
deterioration of the respiratory system. The authors also
explain the features of common respiratory conditions.
McCabe, C., & Wiggins, J. (2010b). Differential diagnosis of respiratory
diseases part 2. Practice Nurse, 40(2), 33–41.

The authors of this article specify how to identify the major
causes of acute breathlessness. Additionally, they explain how
to interpret a variety of findings from respiratory investigations.
Shadow Health Support and Orientation Resources
Use the following resources to guide you through your Shadow Health orientation
as well as other support resources:
Frey, C. [Chris Frey]. (2015, September 4). Student orientation [Video file].
Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rfd_8pTJBkY
Shadow Health. (n.d.). Shadow Health help desk. Retrieved
from https://support.shadowhealth.com/hc/en-us
Document: Shadow Health. (2014). Useful tips and tricks (Version 2)
(PDF)
Document: Student Acknowledgement Form (Word document)
Note: You will sign and date this form each time you complete your DCE
Assignment in Shadow Health to acknowledge your commitment to
Walden University’s Code of Conduct.
Document: DCE (Shadow Health) Documentation Template for Focused
Exam: Chest Pain (Word document)
Use this template to complete your Assignment 1 for this week.

Optional Resource

LeBlond, R. F., Brown, D. D., & DeGowin, R. L. (2014). DeGowin’s
diagnostic examination (10th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw Hill Medical.

 Chapter 8, “The Chest: Chest Wall, Pulmonary, and Cardiovascular
Systems; The Breasts” (Section 1, “Chest Wall, Pulmonary, and
Cardiovascular Systems,” pp. 302–433)
Note: Section 2 of this chapter will be addressed in Week 10.
This section of Chapter 8 describes the anatomy of the chest wall,
pulmonary, and cardiovascular systems. Section 1 also explains how to
properly conduct examinations of these areas.
Required Media (click to expand/reduce)

Advanced Health Assessment and Diagnostic Reasoning
Thoughtful, reasoned questioning leads from initial complaint to diagnosis in these three scenarios.
Note: Close the viewing window after the intro segment and after each diagnosis segment to view the menu.

(12m)

Photo Credit:Provided courtesy of the Laureate International Network of Universities.
SkillStat Learning, Inc. (2019). The 6 second ECG. Retrieved from
http://www.skillstat.com/tools/ecg-simulator#/-home

This interactive website allows you to explore common cardiac rhythms. It
also offers the Six Second ECG game so you can practice identifying
rhythms.
Online media for Seidel's Guide to Physical Examination
In addition to this week's media, it is highly recommended that you access and
view the resources included with the course text, Seidel's Guide to Physical
Examination. Focus on the videos and animations in Chapters 13 and 14 that
relate to the assessment of the chest, heart, and lungs. Refer to Week 4 for
access instructions on https://evolve.elsevier.com/

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