NURS 6512 Special Examinations—Breast Genital Prostate and Rectal

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NURS 6512 Special Examinations—Breast Genital Prostate and Rectal

NURS 6512 Special Examinations—Breast Genital Prostate and Rectal

One critical element of any physical exam is the ability of the examiner to put the patient
at ease. By putting the patient at ease, nurses are more likely to glean quality,
meaningful information that will help the patient get the best care possible. When
someone feels safe, listened to, and cared about, exams often go more smoothly. This
is especially true when dealing with issues concerning breasts, genitals, prostates, and
rectums, which are subjects that many patients find difficult to talk about. As a result, it
is important to gain a firm understanding of how to gain vital information and perform the
necessary assessment techniques in as non-invasive a manner as possible.
For this week, you explore how to assess problems with the breasts, genitalia, rectum,
and prostate.
Learning Objectives
Students will:
 Evaluate abnormal findings on the genitalia and rectum
 Apply concepts, theories, and principles relating to health assessment techniques and
diagnoses for the breasts, genitalia, prostate, and rectum
Learning Resources

Required Readings (click to expand/reduce)
Ball, J. W., Dains, J. E., Flynn, J. A., Solomon, B. S., & Stewart, R. W.
(2019). Seidel's guide to physical examination: An interprofessional
approach (9th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Mosby.

 Chapter 17, “Breasts and Axillae”
This chapter focuses on examining the breasts and axillae. The authors
describe the examination procedures and the anatomy and physiology of
breasts.

 Chapter 19, “Female Genitalia”
In this chapter, the authors explain how to conduct an examination of
female genitalia. The chapter also describes the form and function of
female genitalia.

 Chapter 20, “Male Genitalia”
The authors explain the biology of the penis, testicles, epididymides,
scrotum, prostate gland, and seminal vesicles. Additionally, the chapter
explains how to perform an exam of these areas.

 Chapter 21, “Anus, Rectum, and Prostate”
This chapter focuses on performing an exam of the anus, rectum, and
prostate. The authors also explain the anatomy and physiology of the
anus, rectum, and prostate.
Dains, J. E., Baumann, L. C., & Scheibel, P. (2019). Advanced health
assessment and clinical diagnosis in primary care (6th ed.). St. Louis, MO:
Elsevier Mosby.
Credit Line: Advanced Health Assessment and Clinical Diagnosis in Primary Care, 6th Edition by Dains, J.E., Baumann, L. C., &
Scheibel, P. Copyright 2019 by Mosby. Reprinted by permission of Mosby via the Copyright Clearance Center.
Chapter 5, “Amenorrhea”
Amenorrhea, or the absence of menstruation, is the focus of this chapter.
The authors include key questions to ask patients when taking histories
and explain what to look for in the physical exam.
Chapter 6, “Breast Lumps and Nipple Discharge”
This chapter focuses on the important topic of breast lumps and nipple
discharge. Because breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in
women, it is important to get an accurate diagnosis. Information in the
chapter includes key questions to ask and what to look for in the physical
exam.
Chapter 7, “Breast Pain”
Determining the cause of breast pain can be difficult. This chapter
examines how to determine the likely cause of the pain through diagnostic
tests, physical examination, and careful analysis of a patient’s health
history.
Chapter 27, “Penile Discharge”
The focus of this chapter is on how to diagnose the causes of penile
discharge. The authors include specific questions to ask when gathering a
patient’s history to narrow down the likely diagnosis. They also give advice
on performing a focused physical exam.

NURS 6512 Special Examinations—Breast Genital Prostate and Rectal

NURS 6512 Special Examinations—Breast Genital Prostate and Rectal

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Chapter 36, “Vaginal Bleeding”
In this chapter, the causes of vaginal bleeding are explored. The authors
focus on symptoms outside the regular menstrual cycle. The authors
discuss key questions to ask the patient as well as specific physical
examination procedures and laboratory studies that may be useful in
reaching a diagnosis.
Chapter 37, “Vaginal Discharge and Itching”
This chapter examines the process of identifying causes of vaginal

discharge and itching. The authors include questions on the
characteristics of the discharge, the possibility of the issues being the
result of a sexually transmitted infection, and how often the discharge
occurs. A chart highlights potential diagnoses based on patient history,
physical findings, and diagnostic studies.
Sullivan, D. D. (2019). Guide to clinical documentation (3rd ed.).
Philadelphia, PA: F. A. Davis.

 Chapter 3, "SOAP Notes" (Previously read in Week 8)
Cucci, E., Santoro, A., DiGesu, C., DiCerce, R., & Sallustio, G. (2015).
Sclerosing adenosis of the breast: Report of two cases and review of the
literature. Polish Journal of Radiology, 80, 122–127.
doi:10.12659/PJR.892706. Retrieved from
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4356184/

Sabbagh , C., Mauvis, F., Vecten, A., Ainseba, N., Cosse, C., Diouf, M., &
Regimbeau, J. M. (2014). What is the best position for analyzing the lower
and middle rectum and sphincter function in a digital rectal examination? A
randomized, controlled study in men. Digestive and Liver Disease, 46(12),
1082–1085. doi:10.1016/j.dld.2014.08.045

Westhoff , C. L., Jones, H. E., & Guiahi, M. (2011). Do new guidelines and
technology make the routine pelvic examination obsolete? Journal of
Women’s Health, 20(1), 5–10.

This article describes the benefits of new technology and
guidelines for pelvic exams. The authors also detail which
guidelines and technology may become obsolete.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2019). Sexually transmitted
diseases (STDs). Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/std/#

This section of the CDC website provides a range of information on
sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). The website includes reports on
STDs, related projects and initiatives, treatment information, and program
tools.
Document: Final Exam Review (Word document)

Optional Resource
LeBlond, R. F., Brown, D. D., & DeGowin, R. L. (2014). DeGowin’s
diagnostic examination (10th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw Hill Medical.

 Chapter 8, “The Chest: Chest Wall, Pulmonary, and Cardiovascular
Systems; The Breasts” (Section 2, “The Breasts,” pp. 434–444)
Section 2 of this chapter focuses on the anatomy and physiology of
breasts. The section provides descriptions of breast examinations and
common breast conditions.

 Chapter 11, “The Female Genitalia and Reproductive System” (pp.
541–562)
In this chapter, the authors provide an overview of the female reproductive
system. The authors also describe symptoms of disorders in the
reproductive system.

 Chapter 12, “The Male Genitalia and Reproductive System” (pp. 563–584)
The authors of this chapter detail the anatomy of the male reproductive
system. Additionally, the authors describe how to conduct an exam of the
male reproductive system.

 Review of Chapter 9, “The Abdomen, Perineum, Anus, and Rectosigmoid”
(pp. 445–527)
Required Media (click to expand/reduce)
Online media for Seidel's Guide to Physical Examination
It is highly recommended that you access and view the resources included with
the course text, Seidel's Guide to Physical Examination. Focus on the videos and
animations in Chapters 16 and 18–20 that relate to special examinations,
including breast, genital, prostate, and rectal. Refer to the Week 4 Learning
Resources area for access instructions on https://evolve.elsevier.com/

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