PHA 1500 Assignment Chronic Kidney Disease

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PHA 1500 Assignment Chronic Kidney Disease

PHA 1500 Assignment Chronic Kidney Disease

Chronic
kidney disease is a gradual loss of kidney function. In this assignment, you
will explore this disease in more detail using the scenario below.

Scenario:

You are a
healthcare provider who is preparing to meet with a patient who has recently
been diagnosed with chronic kidney disease. You are tasked with explaining this
disease and its treatment options to your patient.

To complete
this assignment, do the following:

Research
this disease using a minimum of 2 source(s). You can use your textbook for one
of the sources. Choose the remaining sources from the GALE Virtual Reference
Library provided on the Structure and Function of the Human Body library guide
page.

In a
minimum of 2 pages (not counting the references page), address the following:

Explain how
chronic kidney disease develops and the potential causes.

Describe
the treatment options that exist.

Include a
references page at the end of your document, formatted using the APA
guidelines, that lists your research sources.

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Chronic kidney disease (CKD) means your kidneys are damaged and can’t filter blood the way they should. The disease is called “chronic” because the damage to your kidneys happens slowly over a long period of time. This damage can cause wastes to build up in your body. CKD can also cause other health problems.

Illustration of the location of the kidneys in the body.
Your kidneys are located in the middle of your back, just below your ribcage.

The kidneys’ main job is to filter extra water and wastes out of your blood to make urine. To keep your body working properly, the kidneys balance the salts and minerals—such as calcium, phosphorus, sodium, and potassium—that circulate in the blood. Your kidneys also make hormones that help control blood pressure, make red blood cells, and keep your bones strong.

Kidney disease often can get worse over time and may lead to kidney failure. If your kidneys fail, you will need dialysis or a kidney transplant to maintain your health.

The sooner you know you have kidney disease, the sooner you can make changes to protect your kidneys.

More information is provided in the NIDDK health topic, The Kidneys and How They Work.

Watch a video about what the kidneys do. External link

How common is CKD?

CKD is common among adults in the United States. More than 37 million American adults may have CKD.1

Who is more likely to develop CKD?

You are at risk for kidney disease if you have

  • Diabetes. Diabetes is the leading cause of CKD. High blood glucose, also called blood sugar, from diabetes can damage the blood vessels in your kidneys. Almost 1 in 3 people with diabetes has CKD.1
  • High blood pressure. High blood pressure is the second leading cause of CKD. Like high blood glucose, high blood pressure also can damage the blood vessels in your kidneys. Almost 1 in 5 adults with high blood pressure has CKD.1
  • Heart disease. Research shows a link between kidney disease and heart disease. People with heart disease are at higher risk for kidney disease, and people with kidney disease are at higher risk for heart disease. Researchers are working to better understand the relationship between kidney disease and heart disease.
  • Family history of kidney failure. If your mother, father, sister, or brother has kidney failure, you are at risk for CKD. Kidney disease tends to run in families. If you have kidney disease, encourage family members to get tested. Use tips from the family health reunion guide and speak with your family during special gatherings.

Your chances of having kidney disease increase with age.1 The longer you have had diabetes, high blood pressure, or heart disease, the more likely that you will have kidney disease.

African Americans, Hispanics, and American Indians tend to have a greater risk for CKD.2 The greater risk is due mostly to higher rates of diabetes and high blood pressure among these groups. Scientists are studying other possible reasons for this increased risk.

Watch a video about kidney disease risk External link.

If you are at risk for kidney disease, learn ways to prevent kidney disease.

What are the symptoms of CKD?

Early CKD may not have any symptoms

You may wonder how you can have CKD and feel fine. Our kidneys have a greater capacity to do their job than is needed to keep us healthy. For example, you can donate one kidney and remain healthy. You can also have kidney damage without any symptoms because, despite the damage, your kidneys are still doing enough work to keep you feeling well. For many people, the only way to know if you have kidney disease is to get your kidneys checked with blood and urine tests.

As kidney disease gets worse, a person may have swelling, called edema. Edema happens when the kidneys can’t get rid of extra fluid and salt. Edema can occur in the legs, feet, or ankles, and less often in the hands or face.

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