PHI 2000 Assessment Professional Ethics
PHI 2000 Assessment Professional Ethics
Identify a professional association that oversees people
engaged in your chosen vocation, and locate the formal code of conduct
statement endorsed by that association. Write a reflective essay in which you
assess the profession’s code of conduct. Apply it to your current or future workplace
experience, and discuss your plan for dealing with potential conflicts. Support
your essay with research.
Consider the following in your essay:
Summarize the features of this code and examine it
critically. Are there vital ethical principles that it fails to mention? Does
it overemphasize elements that are not really important? What large- or
small-scale revisions might improve the code?
Consider your own relationship with the code of conduct you
have identified. As a working professional, which of the code’s principles will
be most difficult for you to comply with? In what situations might your
personal morality come into conflict with the strictures of professional
ethics? How will you productively discuss these conflicts with employers,
professional colleagues, and clients?
Written communication: Written communication should be free
of errors that detract from the overall message.
APA formatting: Include a title page and a references page,
formatted according to APA (6th edition) style and formatting.
References: A typical paper will include support from a
minimum of 3–5 references. You may use some of the materials recommended in the
Resources, but you should also include support from your independent research
of scholarly or professional materials.
Length: A typical paper will be 4–6 typed, double-spaced
pages in length.
Font and font size: Times New Roman, 12-point.
Professional Ethics – Introduction
Rajat and Meera are colleagues working in the same company. They are also in the same team and are working on the same project. One day, Meera confides in Rajat that she is going to quit the company after two months.
Rajat tried to persuade her not to take such kind of decision in haste, but from Meera’s determination, he realized soon that she has already made up her mind. She requests him to not share this with anybody else as she hasn’t mentioned it to anyone but him, and Rajat promised he won’t.
After a week, Rajat was having an “off the record” conversation with his manager in the parking lot, where he came to know that the management is planning to offer a promotion to either Meera or Rajat; however, the decision is slightly leaning in favor of Meera. If Meera is out of the way, Rajat becomes the automatic choice for the job and he knows that she is going to quit.
Should Rajat keep quiet or tell the manager?
On one hand, he had promised her to keep quiet, although under different circumstances. On the other hand, she is leaving the company anyway, so telling would only ease up the process. What would you have done?
What is Professional Ethics?
More often than not, professionals in a corporate environment face such dilemmas (as Rajat in the above example). Professional ethics examines the moral and ethical issues that arise in a corporate environment.
It has been found that a majority of professionals face ethical problems in their professional life, as compared to non-professionals, mainly because professionals are trained to provide services to the society that cannot be provided by non-professionals.
It is because of the services that professionals provide, they are also eligible for certain privileges and immunities. For example, a doctor is given the right to cut open a patient’s body because he is trained to cure him of his illness, and is offered immunity from any negative repercussions if something untoward were to happen. Similarly, a police officer is given the right of carrying weapons and he can use them to protect themselves or somebody else’s life from imminent danger. Not everybody can operate upon someone and not everyone can protect you from the unsocial elements of the society.
Because of these added responsibilities and complicated scenarios, it’s difficult to understand the way a person is expected to act under complex situations. Professional Ethics is a way to provide an answer to those difficult questions through extensive training, sharing real-life examples, and following the practices that makes a profession ethical.
Professional Ethics – Legal vs. Ethical
Many people confuse ‘ethical’ with ‘legal’. Legal is the word used to define anything that concerns the law or its workings. It is applicable to all practices, languages, processes, procedures, cultures, and other relative concepts in a system of the law. On the other hand, ethics is the word used to define the traditional norms and morals of an individual.
Many of the existing laws have originated from ethics while ethics is rooted in morals and the perception of the rightness or wrongness of an act or conduct.
Any legal act is applicable to all people in a State that implements a particular set of laws. On the other hand, ethics is society specific. Two different societies located in a similar geo-political region definitely have one rule of law, but they may have two different ethics. For example, in India, there is one law applicable to every citizen, but possibly there are several ethics applicable to concerned society only.
However, both the terms – legal and ethical – are spatio-temporal and change with time and space. For example, there was a time when slavery was legally justified.
Many of you might agree that imprisoning free men and deporting them away from their lands and families were not at all ethical. Over a period of time, the law had been amended and redrafted to abolish slavery.
In other words, ethics emphasizes on the rights of living beings (on morality ground) and suggests it should not be violated by any means.
Professional Ethics For Employees
The basic ethics a responsible and reliable employee practices are that he stays productive and takes responsibility for his actions, and that includes being accountable for the good or bad consequences of his actions.
In addition to this, qualities like being punctual, staying focused, and having an inclusive approach to problem-solving and decision-making are very important.
A professional should learn to take pride in the output he produces, lead by example, and address issues rather than crying over spilt milk.
A word of caution on inviting excessive friendliness runs through the management as an unwritten code. Many accept that there is a line that separates professional bonding and personal attachment that should be respected and never crossed. That being said, there is still a strong emphasis on clear, precise communication with everyone in a company.
Employee Ethics Worksheet
Ethics help us in deciding what is right and what is wrong and what price we will have to pay if we follow a wrong practice. Given below is a situation about an ethical dilemma an employee might face in a lucrative but potentially dangerous situation. The reader is suggested to read about the situation carefully and then answer the subsequent questions.
Rishabh Dash was employed for a year as an accountant with Agri Chemicals Pvt. Ltd., a fertilizer-manufacturing plant. After that, he applied for a job with QWERTY Solutions, a reputed company in Bengaluru. The requirement of the desired candidate profile is mentioned as “experience of 2-5 years in Accounting.”
Rishabh didn’t want to lose the opportunity of working with a renowned company and hence he falsely mentioned ‘3 years of working experience’ on his resume. He got selected and quickly created a reputation of being a good performer. He was even “The Promising Employee of the Month” twice in the first six months.
One day, one of Rishabh’s colleagues decided to collect some background information about him, out of pure jealousy. He went to Agri Chemicals and discovered the truth. Needless to say, he came back and spilled the beans.
Rishabh’s supervisor was very disturbed on hearing this, as he had a very good impression about Rishabh, and was actually deciding to promote him so that he can share a few of the managerial responsibilities.
- When Rishabh exaggerated his experience on his resume, do you think he must have feared that he would eventually be caught? What would you have done, if you were in a similar situation?
- What would you have done if you had known the truth about Rishabh instead of his colleague? Explain your view.
- If you were applying for a job and come across a similar scenario, would you be tempted to do the same as Rishabh did? Explain your view.
Professional Ethics For Employers
Companies have also started encouraging the cultivation and practice of good ethics on their workplaces by providing fair assessments to their employees, and sharing power and responsibility with them. There is a transparency in the way work responsibility is shared and how work is delegated. A lot of importance is given to clear communication, with exact instructions.
Companies periodically conduct trainings to enhance employees’ knowledge and aptitude towards work. Sharing constructive feedback with employees and inviting their feedback are important steps that encourage an employee to think of the organization as a collective unit where teams are allotted specific responsibilities.
In a recent survey, it was found that the employees who had been encouraged to be ethical in business practices were much more loyal and productive. Not only that, they became the role-models for the entry-level employees and that helped them draw a positive recognition from all quarters. This resulted in their professional growth and expansion of decision-making powers.
Employer Ethics Worksheet
Employers and employees share a “compensation-for-service” relationship where an employer pays an employee an already-agreed-upon fair pay in exchange of a fair job done.
The following scenario is from the perspective of the employer. The reader is instructed to employ his empathetic skills while trying to understand the manner in which this scenario raises a few questions on the workload of employed skill.
Shanti was employed with Sam Consultants Pvt. Ltd. as a receptionist. As the company was just starting up, Shanti had plenty of time left after attending to queries and interacting with the customers
After a few days, Shanti’s supervisor noticed that most of the time, she used to be without work. Therefore, he assigned some additional responsibilities to her such as converting hard-copies to soft-copies and proof-reading of office documents. These additional responsibilities put an additional burden on Shanti. Now, she is overburdened with work. Resultantly, she was not able to finish the work on same day and hence her tasks are getting piled for the next day and so on.
Her supervisor thinks he is justified in his stance of giving Shanti more responsibilities, as he is paying her full dues as an employer to an employee
- Does the supervisor’s action justify the company or professional standards?
- What would you have done, had you been the supervisor? Explain your view.
Professional Ethics In Profession
Earlier, the prevalent thought was that a company is just a place where people come together and function in a team to get certain desired results. In other words, companies are just like machines with various parts working together to produce a desired result, and hence the blame of the breakdown of this machine should lie with the defective parts and not the entire machine.
It has now been asserted through a detailed study of the working patterns of various companies that companies are not machines. On the contrary, they are more like human beings in their ability to collect data from each other to enhance their livelihood and respond to changes in their environment, taking decisions that impact the entire company.
Hence the term “company” is swiftly making way for “organization,” which means the entire company works like a human body with different organs that are vital for its survival and prosperity.
Professional Ethics Worksheet
This worksheet is designed to help you understand your moral dimensions and what motivates you to take the steps that you take in your life. The participant is expected to be honest while answering these questions, as this is a self-assessment of values.